Understanding the physiology of non-native species in Antarctica is key to elucidating their ability to colonise an area, and how they may respond to changes in climate. Eretmoptera murphyi is a chironomid midge introduced to Signy Island (Maritime Antarctic) from South Georgia (Sub-Antarctic) where it is endemic. Here, we explore the tolerance of this species’ egg masses to heat and desiccation stress encountered within two different oviposition microhabitats (ground surface vegetation and underlying soil layer). Our data show that, whilst oviposition takes place in both substrates, egg sacs laid individually in soil are at the greatest risk of failing to hatch, whilst those aggregated in the surface vegetation have the lowest risk. The two microhabitats are characterised by significantly different environmental conditions, with greater temperature fluctuations in the surface vegetation, but lower humidity (%RH) and available water content in the soil. Egg sacs were not desiccation resistant and lost water rapidly, with prolonged exposure to 75% RH affecting survival for eggs in singly oviposited egg sacs. In contrast, aggregated egg sacs (n = 10) experienced much lower desiccation rates and survival of eggs remained above 50% in all treatments. Eggs had high heat tolerance in the context of the current microhabitat conditions on Signy. We suggest that the atypical (for this family) use of egg sac aggregation in E. murphyi has developed as a response to environmental stress. Current temperature patterns and extremes on Signy Island are unlikely to affect egg survival, but changes in the frequency and duration of extreme events could be a greater challenge.
Donald J. Trump as he spoke to the convention crowd in Cleveland, OH. Photo credit: Tom Rotondi Regardless of our readers’ political leanings, few would argue that the Republican National Convention, which wrapped up in Cleveland last night, wasn’t unique.“It is a great honor to be here, I am thrilled to death,” said Avalon’s Lynda Pagliughi, the New Jersey Republican State Committeewoman representing Cape May County, and alternate delegate attending her fifth GOP convention. “This convention is making history,” she said.“This is the most exciting one I have been to. Rather than being at a convention, it feels like more of a movement. This one is electrifying.”Paul Ryan speaking at the Republican National Convention. Part of the reason, of course, is that Donald Trump, the Republicans’ candidate for President, does not have a traditional political background and is an iconic personality, celebrity and reality television star. But on Thursday night, Trump presented a different side.“He showed a different demeanor, and I think you are going to see that for the rest of the campaign, she said. “He is succeeding in unifying the party and now he is going to work on converting the independents and some of the Bernie Sanders people.”“(The show biz aspect of the event) is definitely part of it, but it’s more than that, Pagliughi said. “Everyone you talk to is positive and excited. It has been very uplifting.”Pagliughi said watching Trump’s speech live was very emotional.“When the balloons came down and the confetti, I had tears in my eyes,” she said. “When (Trump) was talking about his mother, he had tears in his eyes. He definitely showed a side of the man we haven’t seen before.”Tom Rotondi, left, pictured with a true American hero, Marcus Luttrell (featured in the movie “Lone Survivor”). Both men served our nation proudly and were in Cleveland for the Republican National Convention.Tom Rotondi, the State Committeeman from Cape May County, an Ocean City resident the New Jersey delegate agreed and took it one step further.“He crushed that speech,” Rotondi said. “I think the best thing was when people started chanting ‘lock (Hillary Clinton) up’ and he said ‘let’s defeat her’ that was just perfect and it set the tone. He stayed on message and he delivered.”Rotondi said Trump hit on themes that most people relate to. “At the end of the day it is about family, it is about being safe, it is about being able to educate your kids and not have to worry about your own future. He hit on all of that. And to include the LGBT community, that is a good thing. Everyone was included. Everyone should have the same opportunities.”Jesse Watters with Tom RotondiOn the topic of being there as a delegate, Tom’s emotions bubbled up.“I won’t be able to get through this,” he said. “My Dad was an immigrant from Italy. As they say, ‘right off the boat.’ He would be amazed that a member of his family has the opportunity to be on this convention floor and to be part of this great process.”Rontondi said he was solidly behind Trump’s candidacy, even if that was not the case when the Republicans had 16 other contenders for the top spot on the ticket.“Even if I did not start out as a Trump supporter I am a party guy and I am a process guy. This is why we have a process. This is not all about Trump, even if he is the face of it. He is our candidate and I am now behind him 100 percent,” Rotondi added.This was Rotondi’s second convention, and it simply cannot compare to anything he has ever been involved with before, he said.“First and foremost, Cleveland has done a spectacular job of hosting the event,” he said. The security has been tight, but well organized. It feels very safe here. There is one small (city square) that has about a dozen protesters, but TV gets in there and takes such a close picture it looks like total chaos. But in reality it is just a very small group.”Safe and sound thanks to the brave men & women in blue.Rotondi said he made a point of arriving at the Quicken Loans Arena very early each night because there is room to move around the facility and interact with all types of interesting people. He had his photo taken with Marcus Luttrell, a former Navy Seal and member of Seal Team 10, famous as the lone survivor of a 2005 gun battle with the Taliban in Afghanistan.On Monday night, Luttrell gave a stirring address at the convention, going off script and pleading for unity and support for our veterans. “That was one of the most inspirational things, having the chance to chat with and have my photo taken with a true American hero,” he said.The structure of the convention program has been very upbeat, according to both Rotondi and Pagliughi“In between the speeches, they had music and bands and people were literally dancing in the aisles,” said Rotondi. “There was very little down time.”“It just felt different. It felt like you were a part of something special,” said Pagliughi. “I think Donald Trump made people look at him differently. The campaign is going to be tough and it’s going to be ugly at times. But I truly believe Trump is going to win, he will surround himself with the best people and he will be a great leader to bring positive change.”
Starting in May, the library will be open during the week until 9 p.m. and on the weekends until 5 p.m. By MADDY VITALEThe Ocean City Free Public Library has been a hub of activity, offering education, entertainment and company to its patrons year after year.While COVID-19 has changed how the library enlightens its visitors, from shortened in-person hours to virtual sessions, it still will remain open to the public, explained library officials during a remote meeting of the OCFPL Board of Trustees on Monday.Unlike county libraries, including Cape May County libraries that recently closed again amid the pandemic, Karen Mahar, OCFPL director, said the library staff is doing well and all safety protocols have been in place and are working.She noted that the library will continue with the current, shortened hours of operation, however. They are Monday through Saturday 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. and extended curbside hours Monday through Saturday 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.Mahar said she felt it was a “wise choice” to keep with what seems to be working.“Avalon is shut down again. Maybe we are just lucky that we have not been impacted closely,” Mahar noted. “No staff members or board (Board of Trustees) members have had COVID. We have had some close contacts and our managers and staff have handled it well.”She explained that every morning, staff members fill out COVID-19 questionnaires.Since the library reopened after the initial COVID-19 state shutdown on public buildings in the spring, the library has installed features to strictly adhere to safety requirements, including Plexiglas dividers, hand-sanitizing stations and self-checkout stations.“We are not crazy busy — we are just steady,” Mahar said.The library offers patrons a self-checkout service with a touch screen device.Mahar outlined some statistics. More than 4,427 patrons visited the library and 287 used the computer center in November.“We have had no complaints or mask issues. People are taking out items and the curbside is working out well,” she said. “The staff is doing a really good job.”Board of Trustees President Jennifer Shirk told the board that she was pleased with how the staff has been handling the library operations during this time.“I am very proud of the library staff and everything they did this year,” Shirk said. “It has obviously been a very stressful year and a challenging year. And I think Karen and Leslie (Clark) have done their very best.”But after thanking the staff, including Clark, the assistant library director, for their hard work during a difficult time, Shirk said she had some sad news to share – Clark’s retirement.Clark retires at the end of the month.Shirk reminisced about meeting Clark 15 years ago, when she would take her daughter, Juliette, to the library. It was then that the two would become friends and Clark would recommend that Shirk, a best-selling author, apply for the board president position.Shirk said that she owed her gratitude to Clark for inspiring her to apply and thanked her for being such a wonderful librarian.“You are a remarkable librarian. You are tremendous for the children. You will not only be missed by coworkers and the board, but the entire library,” Shirk said. “Congratulations on your retirement and we wish you well.”Mahar told Clark that she was such an important part of the library.“Leslie, I am going to miss you,” Mahar noted. “We are lucky, Leslie, that we have had you so long.”On the OCFPL Facebook page there is an undated photo of Clark in a costume for story time with the children.Then there are a few words about what she means to the library family.“If you would like to join us in honoring all she has done for the library and our community during the past 41 years, you can email well wishes for her at [email protected], or drop them off at the library. Leslie will be deeply missed, but we wish her all the best as she begins her next chapter.”Leslie Clark in costume for story time. (OCFPL Facebook page)In honor of Clark’s retirement, Michael Allegretto, aide to Mayor Jay Gillian, presented via Zoom, a key to the city from the mayor.Allegretto said that Clark has been an integral part of the library and its success over the years, and that she will be missed.Then he said, “On behalf of the mayor, I want to thank you for your years of service to the town.”Clark thanked everyone for their well-wishes and said she would not be a stranger and would come by to visit everyone.Also on the agenda, Mahar announced that the state Library Bond Construction Act grant that could help fund the Ocean City library’s estimated $1.3 million renovation project was not approved.“The first round of the Library Bond Construction Act grant awardees came out and we were not on the list,” Mahar said.The city had already bonded for the project to renovate, update and expand the library’s second floor.The building is about 30 years old. Here is a link to the project’s rendering: https://ocnjdaily.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/library-renovation-rendering-2.pdfThe project will be done with or without the grants. However, Mahar said they will still look to reapply for funds.She said she is awaiting details from the state on the second round of applications for the Library Bond Construction Act grant will begin.Then she plans to contact Vince Bekier, the city’s director of operations and engineering, and Rachel Ballezzi, also of the engineering department, to work on resubmitting the grant proposal to the state library.“The state library anticipates this to happen in early 2021,” Mahar added.For more information about the Ocean City Free Public Library, visit www.oceancitylibrary.orgRenovations to the second floor will include better lighting, an expansion of the “young adults” section and new furnishings.
Following the opening of a second production line at its Milton Keynes site, Brioche Pasquier’s UK managing director Olivier Ripoche tells British Baker the plans for the plant.The new line, which will produce Pains au Lait with Chocolate Chips, was opened last week by company CEO Pascal Pasquier.Ripoche revealed that the company hopes to have another line in place for its Pitch range in either 2019 or 2020, with three coming in the next five to 10 years.“We have seen our business grow from strength to strength,” Ripoche said at the launch event last week (20 September). “This is a new step for the company. We want UK consumers to enjoy our brioches as much as we do in France.”The French business came to the UK in 2001, moving into a production site in Maidstone, Kent. Four years later, the business moved to Milton Keynes following the growing popularity of brioches among the UK public and better transport links to London and Birmingham.
In addition to their ongoing monthly residency at The Iridium near New York’s Times Square, founding Allman Brothers Band drummer Jai Johanny “Jaimoe” Johanson will play a handful of southern dates early next month. . Over the course of four nights in early November, he will appear in performances in Daytona, FL, as well as three different cities in Georgia.Founding Allman Brothers Band Drummer Jaimoe Remebers Gregg Allman’s Unparalleled Musical EnergyFirst, on Wednesday, November 1st, the drummer will play alongside other extended Allman “family” members including Junior Mack, Les Dudek, and more for a special reunion event at Daytona Beach, FL’s Bank and Blues.Tedeschi Trucks Band Brings Nels Cline, Norah Jones, Jaimoe & More, Honors Allman Brothers For 25th Beacon Show [Photo/Video]Next, he will convene his regular solo outfit, Jaimoe’s Jassz Band, to open for another former ABB member’s new project, Oteil Burbridge & Friends, at Athens, GA’s famous Georgia Theatre on November 2nd. From there the Jassz Band will shoot over to Macon, the Allman Brothers’ motherland, to support Marshall Tucker Band‘s “Georgia Jam” along with Randall Bramblett on November 3rd. The following night, Jaimoe and company will follow Marshall Tucker Band to Atlanta’s Variety Playhouse to reprise the GA Jam in the state’s capitol.EXCLUSIVE: The Big House’s Richard Brent On The Allman Brothers, The Museum, & The LegacyFor more information on any of Jaimoe’s upcoming performances, head to his website.[h/t – jambands.com][Cover photo via – All About Jazz]
This week at VMworld Europe in Barcelona, Dell Technologies is pleased to preview our latest PowerMax technology integration with VMware, which brings together PowerMax SRDF, the gold standard for storage replication, with VMware vVols 2.0 and VMware SRM to simplify and automate Disaster Recovery for our customers.The integration of PowerMax SRDF with VMware SRM and vVols enhances the world’s most trusted high-performance storage replication solution to achieve unparalleled availability across virtualized environments. It helps customers transform their datacenter availability operations while protecting their current storage investments. This is the latest example of our close collaboration with VMware to accelerate our joint customers’ IT transformation journey.This technology preview combines the following three technologies:VMware Site Recovery Manager (SRM) – Automated orchestration software that integrates with underlying array replication technology to provide policy-based management and automated orchestration of recovery plans to minimize downtime in case of disasters.VMware vVols – An abstraction of physical disks through a virtual disk container (Virtual Volume) that is independent of the underlying physical storage. vVols removes the need to manage VMFS datastores, enabling easier storage access and delivery of appropriate storage service levels for individual VMs. vVols offloads storage data services onto storage arrays like PowerMax allowing VM applications to directly leverage data services such as PowerMax SnapVX, SRDF, and QoS.Dell EMC PowerMax – The undisputed leader in high-end storage with over 40% market shareŧ, nearly triple that of the next highest competitor. Dell EMC PowerMax delivers industry leading performance and uncompromising data services with simple operations and enables massive workload consolidation. Recently, PowerMax became the first storage system to ship with dual port Storage Class Memory (SCM) as persistent storage for extremely low latency I/O needs. PowerMax scales up to 64,000 volumes, ideal for supporting high growth applications, virtual volumes, and snapshots. Enterprise customers depend on PowerMax to run their business while reducing cost and complexity.Attendees at VMworld US received a technical preview of VMware SRM with vVols. At VMworld Europe, VMware and Dell Technologies will jointly showcase the integration of VMware SRM and vVols 2.0 with Dell EMC PowerMax in a breakout session. The preview is also available at our booth in the Solutions Expo at VMworld Europe.For folks who like to know the technical details, this demonstration used the following hardware and software:2 Dell EMC PowerMax 8000sPowerMaxOS and Unisphere for PowerMaxPre-GA builds of VMware vSphere ESXi, vCenter and SRM pre-GA buildsI can also give you a quick glance of the integration here itself. Figure 1 below is a vSphere screenshot of the Async policy for vVols replication with SRDF. This shows a replication policy with an RPO of 30 seconds.Figure 1 – SRM replication policy“We are thrilled to share that the Dell EMC PowerMax platform will fully support VMware Virtual Volumes (vVols),” said Lee Caswell, Vice President HCI BU, VMware. “We are seeing great interest for this deep level of integration from VMware customers who value the combination of VMware technology with Dell EMC Infrastructure. This is a remarkable example of how Dell Technologies leverages VMware vVols and the VMware Cloud Foundation to help customers meet the intense availability and capacity demands of today’s digital business.”Come see us at booth #D401 in the VMworld Solutions Exchange to see how these two leading companies are developing this solution to automate and simplify Disaster Recovery for our joint customers.For more information, visit and watch this space: dellemc.com/powermax.ŧSource: IDC Quarterly Enterprise Storage Systems Tracker, 2019Q2, September 5, 2019.
J. Harrison Ghee J. Harrison Ghee will make his Broadway debut this spring in Kinky Boots as he reprises his star turn as Lola from the Tony-winning musical’s national tour. Ghee will begin performances on March 6, taking over for Todrick Hall at the Al Hirschfeld Theatre.Prior to the national tour of Kinky Boots, Ghee appeared in The Color Purple tour.The Cyndi Lauper and Harvey Fierstein-penned show is about a struggling shoe factory owner who works to turn his business around with help from a local drag queen. Together, the two become an unstoppable team and find that they have more in common than they could have imagined.The current cast of Kinky Boots features Olivier nominee Killian Donnelly as Charlie Price, Taylor Louderman as Lauren, Marcus Neville as George, Shannon O’Boyle as Nicola and Daniel Stewart Sherman as Don. Kinky Boots Related Shows J. Harrison Ghee in ‘Kinky Boots'(Photo: Matthew Murphy) Show Closed This production ended its run on April 7, 2019 Star Files View Comments
If you don’t plan to plant a fall garden, inspect, repair and clean your gardening tools before storing them for the winter.“As a gardener, nothing is more frustrating than to pull gardening tools out in the spring and find hoes that are rusty or broken, a tiller that won’t crank, or an irrigation system with a blown gasket,” said Bob Westerfield, a University of Georgia Cooperative Extension consumer horticulturist.Tony Johnson, the horticulturist at the UGA Research and Education Garden in Griffin, Ga., agrees. Johnson helps UGA scientists maintain their research plots. And he does so on a limited state budget.“Gardening tools and supplies are expensive,” Johnson said. “With a little care and forethought, you can help your tools last from season to season.”The two UGA professional gardeners offer the following checklist to follow before packing away garden tools for the winter.Shovels, hoes and other tools* Thoroughly clean all tools with soap and water.* Sharpen blades and tool edges.* Clean metal parts with steel wool, wipe dry and apply a light coat of cooking oil.* Smooth wooded handles by sanding them with sand paper. Then coat handles in linseed oil or paint them to preserve wood.* Store rakes with the teeth pointing down. Stepping on an exposed rake can be very dangerous, for children and adults.Tomato cages* Clean off tomato cages and stack them out of the way.* Repair any cages that have been damaged.Tiller and mower* Empty the garden tiller of fuel or add a fuel stabilizer.* Check the spark plugs, change the oil and clean the air filter.* Clean the underside of the mower’s deck with a pressure washer and scrape off any old grass and debris.Irrigation* Drain irrigation lines. Clean and inspect lines for cracks before rolling up. (Store these out of the sun in a shed or garage.)* To keep insects from hibernating in hoses, connect hose ends.* Do not hang hoses directly on a nail. The weight of the hose will create permanent kinks. Nail a coffee can or other round form on the wall and then roll the hose around the form.* Inspect and lightly lubricate sprinkler heads.* Clean and dry out the water timer.Sprayers* Fertilizer or pesticide sprayers should be triple-rinsed with water or a little ammonia. * Check the hose tip for debris before storing the sprayer for the season.
VALSANGIACOMO, DETORA & MCQUESTEN, P.C.is pleased to announce thatMICHAEL S. REESEhas joined the firm’s transactional practice.Michael brings experience to real estate transactions, estate planning, and business law. He advises commercial and residential clients in all types of real property proceedings and transactions. He also works with individuals and families to structure their estate plans to protect their assets and maximize the benefits of a lifetime of hard work. In addition, Michael provides a wide array of legal services to businesses, ranging from choice of entity and financing to liability and tax planning.Michael brings over a decade of experience from his legal practice in the Woodstock region. Michael received his undergraduate degree from Temple University in 1990, Phi Beta Kappa. He earned his law degree from Vermont Law School, where he served on the Vermont Law Review.Having served six years as a Vermont legislator, Michael continues his involvement in a wide array of community activities. Michael looks forward to bringing his unique perspective on our legal system to assist our clients to accomplish their objectives. Whether our clients are purchasing a home, planning their estate or embarking upon a new business venture, Michael will guide clients through the various complexities of any transaction and protects their financial interests.Valsangiacomo, Detora & McQuesten, P.C. offers a wide range of legal services to the community, ranging from litigation to transactional matters, all affecting the everyday lives of our neighbors. Michael’s addition allows our firm to better serve the real estate, estate and business planning needs of the entire community with experience.
Serious beer with a side of adventureby Graham Averill and Jack MurrayGreek philosopher Aristotle famously said, “Everything in moderation.” We tend to agree. Except when it comes to adventure. And beer. What can we say? Sorry Aristotle, but good beer and good adventure are two hobbies we just can’t get enough of. Luckily, we live in the Southern Appalachians, where craft beer has become as ubiquitous as singletrack. Now, you find yourself a brewery that sits next to a killer piece of singletrack, and what you have there, is the “sweet spot.” We found eight sweet spots up and down the Southern Appalachians, so you can hit the mountains, then hit the brewery with a limited commute.1. Pisgah BrewingBlack Mountain, N.C.Pisgah Brewing was North Carolina’s first organic brewery and strives to get much of their ingredients locally, even looking to source local hops from fledgling hop farms in the near future. In addition to the taproom (cash only), Pisgah has an outdoor stage and lawn where they host live music four nights a week (the Wailers are regulars). pisgahbrewing.com The Flagship Pisgah Pale, a cloudy, orange ale with organic malts that hits the hoppy notes just right.The SeasonalBacon Stout. What happens when you combine bacon with beer? Something great. This winter brew pours black, but balances the sweetness of a chocolate stout with the salty meatiness of bacon.The Adventure Pisgah Brewing sits at the base of the Black Mountains (the tallest range east of the Mississippi), giving you easy access to singletrack with monstrous downhills. Check out Kitsuma and Heartbreak Ridge, which are two of Pisgah National Forest’s classic descents, or hike-a-bikes, depending on your prowess. If you’re an angler, you can’t beat the crowd-free and gin-clear water of Curtis Creek, which drops steeply off the eastern wall of the Black Mountain Range, but has easy road access through most of its course.Brewer’s Pick Biking Kitsuma. It’s a classic ride in the shadow of Mount Mitchell, the highest point east of the Mississippi.2. Mountain State BrewingDavis, W.Va.Mountain State has two restaurant and pub locations, one in Deep Creek, Maryland, and another in Morgantown, W.Va. Both of these pubs serve good beer near epic adventures, but we like their original brew house in tiny Thomas, W.Va. Much of the taproom was built by hand by founders Willie Lehmann and Brian Arnett, who’ve grown the brewery from an upstart into West Virginia’s largest craft brewery since 2005. mountainstatebrewing.comThe Flagship Almost Heaven is one of Mountain State’s original brews, and still its most popular. This amber ale is lightly hopped with a caramel finish for easy drinking year round.The Seasonal Rumsey Rock Porter is named after James Rumsey, the Shepherdstown man who didn’t get credit for inventing the steam engine. It’s a dark and malty chocolate porter with plenty of hops.The Adventure Mountain State sits on the edge of the Canaan Valley, the perfect base for exploring some of West Virginia’s signature adventures. During the winter, Canaan Valley has two downhill ski resorts (skithevalley.com) and the most active backcountry center in the Mid-Atlantic (whitegrass.com). You have hundreds of miles of cross-country trails at your disposal. After the snow melts, those trails become mountain biker and hiker nirvana.Brewer’s Pick Hiking the Sods. Kate Lane, assistant brewer, opts for a simple hike. “Just pick any trail in the Dolly Sods. It’s all amazing.” The 17,000-acre Wilderness has a high-country ecosystem more common to Canada. You have 47 miles of trail to choose from, with Red Creek Trail being the most popular.Blue Mountain’s family friendly atmosphere and outdoor patio make it the perfect spot for drinking in the Blue Ridge over some local brew.3. Blue Mountain BreweryAfton, Va.Blue Mountain is one of the fastest growing craft brewers in Virginia, with a newly-opened production facility geared toward canning and distribution, a restaurant and smaller onsite brewery, even a cooperative hop farm project. The restaurant sources as much of their food as possible from local farms, and the brewery crafts a wide range of lagers and ales at the foot of Shenandoah National Park. bluemountainbrewery.comThe Flagship Full Nelson Pale Ale, a pleasantly bitter American pale that uses five pounds of Blue Mountain’s own farm-grown hops in every batch.The Seasonal Blitzen is a classic Belgian Christmas ale that has a drunk reindeer on the label. Thanks to the new expansion, this seasonal will be distributed beyond Virginia this winter.The Adventure Blue Mountain sits five miles from Shenandoah National Park, with 200,000 acres of Virginia’s finest ridges and valleys as well as a 100-mile chunk of the Appalachian Trail. From the pub and restaurant, cyclists can choose between the 100-mile Skyline Drive, which bisects the park, or the Blue Ridge Parkway, which heads south through Virginia into North Carolina.Brewer’s Pick Fly fishing the G.W. Owner Taylor Smack likes the hundreds of tiny creeks in the nearby George Washington National Forest, where native brookies thrive. “These are respectable fish too—9 inches, but honestly, I just like getting back into these tiny waterways, places you wouldn’t bother going if you weren’t fishing.”4. Moccasin Bend Brewing CompanyChattanooga, Tenn. Moccasin Bend is a nano-brewery just outside of downtown Chattanooga, crafting small batches of wildly inventive beers. Think barbecue-flavored porters and juniper-infused pale ales. Moccasin is in the process of expanding to meet distribution demands, but the brewpub already has a strong following among Chattanooga hop-heads looking for a beer with cojones. bendbrewingbeer.comThe Flagship Moccasin’s diverse lineup resists the “flagship” notion, but Welter Weight, a light pilsner, is about as straightforward of a beer as you’ll find in the taps. It’s popular as hell too. The Seasonal Dead Ned Imperial Red was a winter warmer that was so popular, it earned a permanent tap. It’s typically 8.5 percent alcohol by volume (ABV), but this winter, Moccasin is experimenting with an even higher, 10 percent ABV version that’s guaranteed to warm your cockles.The Adventure Moccasin’s small brewpub is located at the base of Lookout Mountain, on the edge of downtown Chattanooga. Lookout Mountain has some of the South’s best-known kitschy tourist traps (Rock City, Ruby Falls), but it also houses some world-class adventure. Cyclists revere the roads that ascend Lookout, one of which (Nickajack Road) was the time trial in the gone but not forgotten professional Tour de Georgia, and 2,000 amateurs battle their way up and over Lookout annually as part of the Three State Three Mountain Challenge. The hang gliding park is on top of the mountain, the nearest trail head is a quarter mile from the dog-friendly taproom, and the local climbing gym, the Bouldering Authority, is a block away.Brewer’s Pick In-town mountain biking. Owner Chris Hunt was a bike cop for 10 years, so mountain biking is his adventure of choice, particularly on Stringer’s Ridge, a newly conserved piece of forest inside Chattanooga’s city limits. “When I was training as a cop, I’d put the lights on and hit this crazy off-camber trail there late at night,” Hunt says.At the base of Wintergreen Ski Resort, there is no better place for an apres beer than Devils Backbone5. Devils Backbone BreweryRoseland, Va.Devils Backbone won the 2010 World Beer Cup Small Brewery Championship and pulled the gold for its Vienna Lager in 2012. The brewpub sits on 100 acres with 360-degree mountain views, but the crew has recently opened a production brewery in Lexington to fill the distribution demand in Virginia and beyond. DB is Virginia’s most decorated brewery, and one of the fastest expanding craft breweries in the South. dbbrewingcompany.comThe Flagship Wintergreen Weiss, a Bavarian style Hefeweizen, was modeled after founder Steve Crandall discovered it while on a ski trip in the Alps during the ‘90s. It’s a low-hopped lager with a smooth, malty flavor. And it’s named after nearby Wintergreen Ski Resort.The Seasonal The Kilt Flasher (check out the label!), a Scottish wee heavy ale that’s a little higher in alcohol content (7 percent range).The Adventure The brewpub is perched at the base of Wintergreen Ski Resort and founder Steve Crandall is a life-long skier and backpacker. During warmer months, cyclists revere the long road climb up the mountain, and DB sponsors the popular Stampede mountain bike race in August as well as a 100-mile road race. The brewpub is a stone’s throw from the cycling on the Blue Ridge Parkway and is five miles from the Appalachian Trail. Even cooler, the brewpub will give hikers on the A.T. a ride from the trail to the brewery and let them camp on their property for free.Brewer’s Pick The Appalachian Trail, of course. Founder Steve Crandall chooses backpacking the A.T. “There’s a section of the A.T. that runs through the Three Ridges that might be the toughest part of the trail,” Crandall says. “You can do a great 10-mile backpack that drops 3,300 feet to the Tye River, then rises 3,000 feet back to the ridgeline.”6. Hardywood Park BreweryRichmond, Va.Just a year old, the fledgling Hardywood Park Brewery has already endeared itself to the Richmond community, distributing its beer widely throughout the town and instigating cool city-based endeavors like the Community Hop Project, where local gardeners were given free hop rhyzomes to grow specifically for a special release beer. Hardywood is the hip establishment you expect from a downtown brewery, complete with Food Truck rodeos during the summer. Just don’t go looking for an actual park named Hardywood in Richmond. The brewery was named after the sheep station in Australia where founders Eric McKay and Patrick Murtaugh first discovered craft beer. Along with Devils Backbone and Starr Hill, Hardywood was instrumental in getting VA 604 passed (see sidebar). The tasting room is open Wednesday through Saturday. hardywood.comThe Flagship Hardywood Singel, a Belgian-style blonde ale with a mellow finish. It’s too high in alcohol to be considered a session beer (6.2 percent ABV), but it’s a great food-pairing beer. It’s also the only year-round beer Hardywood produces.The Seasonal Gingerbread Stout. This is an imperial milk stout brewed with fresh local ginger harvested from Casselmonte Farm and local honey. Sweet. And it packs a punch at 9.2 percent alcohol by volume. It was also this year’s bronze medal winner at the World Beer Cup.The Adventure Richmond. Geographically speaking, you’d be hard pressed to call it a mountain town, and yet there’s no denying that Richmond’s adventure portfolio is stout. A smokin’ class III-IV section of the James River runs right through downtown. Belle Island, in the middle of the James and connected with downtown by a bridge, has tight singletrack and a new bike skills park. The city was even picked to host the UCI World Road Cycling Championships, cycling’s pinnacle event, in 2015.Brewer’s Pick Fat tires. Both Murtaugh and McKay dabble in kayaking, but mountain biking is their go-to adventure. “From the brewery, you can ride a mile of pavement, then hit trail in Byrd Park for a 13-mile trail ride. Buttermilk Trail is the most technical piece of the ride, but I like coming out of the singletrack jungle and getting a big view of Richmond’s skyline,” says Eric McKay.7. Dry County BrewingSpruce Pine, N.C. Dry County is a nano-brewery/pizza shop in the surprisingly hip Spruce Pine, N.C., a tiny outpost of a town with more-than-decent grub and quick access to some of North Carolina’s most iconic adventures. DC’s production is small, putting out 10-gallon batches at a time, but the brewers love to experiment, so they have a stock of 30 beers they like to rotate through their bar with six beers on tap at a time. And you can pick up a giant cheese pizza for under $12, making a visit to the small shop a win/win. drycountybrewing.comThe Flagship Though locals love the Farmhouse Ale and IPA, there’s no real flagship beer here—the experimentation of brewer Chad Mohr resists that sort of consistency. Dry County tries to put out at least one new beer a month.The Seasonal The Homewrecker is a Belgian strong ale with crystallized ginger and cherry. Does anything say Christmas like ginger and cherries? Just keep the name in mind when you find yourself ordering one after the other.The Adventure Spruce Pine is 15 minutes from the Blue Ridge Parkway and about 30 minutes from Roan Mountain and its string of high elevation balds. The North Toe River runs through downtown, offering in-town fly fishing. Cyclists have a love/hate relationship with Hwy 80, which leads up to the Parkway with a brutal ascent, and hikers and trail runners can explore miles of singletrack on the privately owned (but open to the public) Springmaid Mountain Retreat.Brewer’s Pick Hiking high. “We always go straight to Roan,” says Dry County Brewing owner Chad Mohr. “It’s a little further than some local trails, but the hiking is amazing.” Pick up the A.T. at Carver’s Gap and head east for seven miles of grassy balds, all of which stand over a mile high in elevation.8. Nantahala Brewing CompanyBryson City, N.C. Nantahala Brewing Company is still a relative newcomer to the Western North Carolina beer scene (the tasting room opened in March 2011), but in just a couple of years they’ve managed to make a name for themselves as a brewery with an adventurous mindset. Brewery founder Joe Rowland also owns a paddling guide and hiking guide business, local boaters and bikers frequent the taproom, and Nantahala even puts out a special limited edition Trail Magic series that helps support the Appalachian Trail Ridgerunner program in the Smokies. The brewery is located in a converted warehouse on the edge of Bryson City, which is rapidly becoming a hot gateway town to Great Smoky Mountains National Park. nantahalabrewing.comThe Flagship The Noon Day IPA was NBC’s first beer out of the tanks and is still the most popular. The pale ale gets plenty of hops throughout the brewing process, and has the citrus aroma and dry finish beer lovers have come to expect from an IPA.The Seasonal Sticky Dog Stout is a straightforward stout without the typical hints of chocolate or coffee usually associated with winter stouts. Also look for the limited release Trail Magic Series in 22-ounce bottles.The Adventure It’s hard to beat Nantahala Brewing’s location. The brewery sits less than two miles from Great Smoky Mountains National Park, and not much farther from Lake Fontana, which offers pristine flatwater paddling as well as a handful of wild islands for those seeking an isolated campsite. Drive a little farther and you have Tsali Recreation Area’s 20 miles of buffed singletrack to the south, as well as the Nantahala River’s eight miles of class II-III whitewater and newly enhanced surf wave.Brewer’s PickFat tires in town and out. Joe Rowland, founder of the brewery, loves paddling the lake, but his go-to adventure these days is mountain biking. “The new SORBA chapter has done such a good job maintaining Tsali, it’s a great ride now,” he says. “But I also like doing a 10-mile road loop into Deep Creek, because you can hit one of the only trails in the GSMNP open to bikes, then come back for a beer.”